COVID-19: Inclusion of asylum seekers is more effective than closing borders
The United States government’s decision to block asylum proceedings and close the US-Mexico border, with the justification to stem the spread of the coronavirus, threatens the health and safety of thousands of people seeking international protection in the United States who are then forced to return to Mexico, said the medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) on Thursday.
Since Saturday, March 21, MSF teams have witnessed the coerced transportation of Mexican and Central American migrants and asylum seekers returned from the United States to Matamoros and onward to southern Mexico. MSF is alarmed by the systematic aspect of these measures, carried out without contingency or mitigation plans for public health and humanitarian impacts.
“Using COVID-19 as an argument to evade their international obligations towards refugees and migrants is not only unacceptable, but also counterproductive in terms of outbreak control”, says Dr Isabel Beltrán, medical coordinator for MSF in Mexico and Central America. “These types of measures are unnecessary and disproportionate because they discriminate and stigmatize against one segment of the population and prevent people feeling violence to have access to a system of protection and security”. MSF has responded to countless outbreaks around the world, and we know that public health measures work when they protect everyone and fail when vulnerable populations like migrants are not included.
Additionally, as MSF has highlighted on several occasions, US migration policies implemented by Mexico, such as the so-called Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP), jeopardize the lives of those forced to await the processing of their asylum claim in Mexico . These people find themselves trapped in a dangerous limbo, and their vulnerability increases with the expansion of the COVID-19 epidemic.
MSF in Matamoros
As the virus continues to spread, MSF is monitoring the country’s health needs, while organizing its response to maintain and scale up the comprehensive medical services being provided in Mexico. However, we are concerned with the impact that this pandemic will have in a context where people do not have regular access to medical services and are living in precarious conditions that facilitate spreading the virus.
“We have increased our medical activities in Matamoros due to the lack of comprehensive care inside the camp, where around 2,000 asylum seekers live. We are providing physical and mental health services, and health promotion activities. Despite these efforts, it is clear that it is impossible to properly implement infection prevention measures, such as disinfecting public spaces, frequent hand washing, and social distancing, in a place where entire families sleep together in a single tent”, said Beltrán.
While MSF strengthens its response to reach the most vulnerable people, we stand in solidarity with the population and urge the US and Mexican governments to take the responsibility to ensure the inclusive provision of mitigation measures and comprehensive medical care, particularly to people living in hazardous conditions such as migrants and asylum seekers.
“The biggest concern people have at this moment is the uncertainty about their futures. They have no option other than sleeping in overcrowded spaces that do not allow for the prevention measures needed at this moment. We are aware of the monumental challenges that come with the pandemic and, for that reason, it is necessary that medical actors coordinate actions that include these populations in their prevention plans and, if needed, containment measures”, said Marcelo Fernández, head of mission for MSF in Mexico.